British National (Overseas) Passport cover
British national (Overseas) passport, commonly known as BN(O), or BN(O) passport. It is a type of British Passport, identity, nationality status, travel document, and enjoy the same level of consular service as British Citizenship with British National (Overseas) status in the third countries. British National (Overseas) passport was first issued in 1987, after the Hong Kong Act 1985 was announced by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as United Kingdom. From the Hong Kong act 1985, it is a new class of British nationality was created.
For holders of British National (Overseas) passport are permanent residents of Hong Kong, or who had carried British Dependent Territory Citizen and has registered BN(O).
What nationality do Hong Kong people have?
Normally we don’t expect this happen in another country, it’s the name of population in a designated place. However in Hong Kong, this is a little complicated. People who originate from or live in Hong Kong can fall under Chinese, British Hongkongeses or even Hongkongers.
Now the main problem for people outside of Hong Kong, is to know how to call and what they prefer when talking to them.
If this refer to Wikipedia: “Hongkongers (Chinese: 香港人), also known as Hong Kongese, Hongkongese, Hong Kong citizen, and Hong Kong people, usually refer to the permanent residents of Hong Kong, in a broad sense”.
The immigration department of Hong Kong states a Chinese citizen” is a person of Chinese nationality under the PRC (Peoples Republic of China). Hong Kong residents who are Chinese descent and have Chinese parentage, or were born in the Chinese territories (including Hong Kong), or persons who satisfy the criteria laid down in the PRC as having Chinese nationality, are Chinese nationals.
Hong Kong is a special case. Hong Kong is a huge city which has a population of around 7.3 million people. In comparison, there are +8.9 million people in London, and +4.9 million people in Ireland.
Hong Kong, name in official is “the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region”, commonly known as HKSAR, so it has its own rules and regulations related to the history under British rules and regulations, which make this city an autonomous territory.
Why UK has given BN(O), the identity to Hong Kong people?
In fact, it was because of the 1997 prospects issue that year, BN(O) became the emergence. The UK government specially formulated the legislation for Hong Kong people under the Hong Kong Act 1985. The reason behind, is that there were many colonies before under UK, and Hong Kong is one of them to deal with the nationality status of Hong Kong people.
In the past, there were many kinds of nationality status of people under British colonies, but there are still several kinds existing today. If Hong Kong people belong to the Hong Kong colony before BN(O) appears, it is “British Dependent Territories Citizens“, commonly known as BDTC. However, because of the 1997 prospects issue, the Chinese government did not want all Hong Kong people to have a colonial citizenship after 1997, nor did they want this nationality status to continue from generation to generation.
The problem is that the UK government has also understood, that Hong Kong people are worried about departure in the future, so they created “British National (Overseas)“, commonly known as BN(O). Therefore, the status of BN(O) is only suitable for those who were born in Hong Kong before the 1997 Handover, or who are also BDTC.
What are the differences between BN(O) and British Citizenship?
There has a huge differences between British Citizen and British National in English and under UK law, most likely to be confused. Actually, BN (O) is a types of British nationality. It is considered as an identity, nationality status, travel document issued by the UK government, enjoy the same level consular service as British Citizenship under the UK government in third countries. However, BN (O) passport has not been granted to the holder for any full of rights, right of abode that any British National should have.
What do the rights of BN(O) holders have?
BN(O) passport holders enjoy the same level of consular service as British Citizenship under the UK government. Get them up to 189 countries, including some former British colonies that require a visa for BN(O) passport holders . However, they only have the right to stay in UK for six months as a visitor, they do not require to register with the police. BN(O) holders have the right to get married under UK law, which includes same-sex couples. Also, people who live in the country have the right to join the civil service, such as British Army, Royal Navy and Royal Air Force, as well as vote or stand for election in their constituency of residence.
What BN(O) holder do not have?
BN(O) holders do not have British citizenship, and the right of abode in the UK. Which means, they don’t have the right to work and live in the UK, and they need a visa to stay. Also, BN(O) holders do not have the right to work in the European Union. It also does not provide British consular protection in Hong Kong and Macau.
Since 1997, the nationality matter in Hong Kong has fallen under the Nationality Law of the People’s Republic of China. However, there have been some cases where the British consulate has stepped in, to help BN(O) holders outside Hong Kong.
Requirement of British National (Overseas) Passport
Both parents’ side of BN(O) holder’s must be Hong Kong Permanent resident. BN(O) holders was born before 30 June 1997, or former British Dependent Territories CItizen (BDTC) Passport holders, who registered for British National (Overseas) after Hong Kong Act 1985 was released.